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Google gemini

Discover Gemini: Our Most Powerful and Advanced AI Model Yet

Every shift in technology is an opportunity to advance scientific discovery, accelerate human progress, and improve lives. I think the transition we're seeing right now with AI will be the most profound in our lives, far bigger than the transition to mobile or web before it. AI has the potential to create opportunities—from the mundane to the extraordinary—for people everywhere. It will bring new waves of innovation and economic progress, driving knowledge, learning, creativity and productivity on a scale not seen before.

That's what excites me: the chance to make AI helpful for everyone, everywhere in the world.

Almost eight years into our journey as an AI-first company, only accelerates the pace: Millions of people are now using generative AI in our products to do things they couldn't even do a year ago, from finding answers to more complex questions to using new tools to collaborate and create. Meanwhile, developers are using our models and infrastructure to build new generative AI applications, and startups and companies around the world are growing with our AI tools.

This is incredible speed, and yet we're only just scratching the surface of what's possible.

We approach this work boldly and responsibly. This means we are ambitious in our research, pursuing the capabilities that will bring enormous benefits to people and society, while building in safeguards and working in partnership with governments and experts to manage risks as AI becomes more capable. And we continue to invest in the very best tools, core models and infrastructure and bring them to our products and to others, guided by our AI principles .

Now we take the next step in our journey with Gemini, our most capable and general model to date, with state-of-the-art performance across many leading benchmarks. Our first version, Gemini 1.0, is optimized for different sizes: Ultra, Pro and Nano. These are the first models of the Gemini era and the first realization of the vision we had when we formed Google DeepMind earlier this year. This new era of models represents one of the biggest science and engineering efforts we've made as a company. I'm really excited for what lies ahead, and for the possibilities Gemini will unlock for people everywhere.

Introducing Gemini

By Demis Hassabis, CEO and co-founder of Google DeepMind, commissioned by the Gemini team

AI has been the focus of my life's work, just like for many of my research colleagues. Ever since I programmed AI for computer games as a teenager, and during my years as a neuroscientist trying to understand how the brain works, I've always believed that if we could build smarter machines, we could harness them to benefit humanity in incredible ways.

This promise of a world responsibly empowered by AI continues to drive our work at Google DeepMind. We have long wanted to build a new generation of AI models, inspired by how people understand and interact with the world. AI that feels less like smart software and more like something useful and intuitive – an expert helper or assistant.

Today we are one step closer to this vision when we introduce Gemini , the most capable and general purpose model we've ever built.

The twins are the result of large-scale collaborations from teams at Google, including our colleagues at Google Research. It was built from the ground up to be multimodal, meaning it can generalize and seamlessly understand, operate over, and combine different types of information including text, code, audio, image and video.

Introducing Gemini: our largest and most capable AI model

Gemini is also our most flexible model to date – running efficiently on everything from data centers to mobile devices. Its state-of-the-art capabilities will significantly improve the way developers and enterprise customers build and scale with AI.

We have optimized Gemini 1.0, our first version, for three different sizes:

  • Gemini Ultra — our largest and most capable model for highly complex tasks.
  • Gemini Pro — our best model for scaling across a wide range of tasks.
  • Gemini Nano — our most efficient model for on-device tasks.

State-of-the-art performance

We have thoroughly tested our Gemini models and evaluated their performance for a variety of tasks. From natural image, audio and video understanding to mathematical reasoning, Gemini Ultra's performance exceeds current state-of-the-art results on 30 of the 32 widely used academic benchmarks used in Large Language Model (LLM) research and development.

With a score of 90.0 %, Gemini Ultra is the first model to outperform human experts on MMLU (massive multitask language comprehension), which uses a combination of 57 subjects such as mathematics, physics, history, law, medicine and ethics to test both worlds' knowledge and problem-solving skills.

Our new benchmark for MMLU enables Gemini to use their reasoning abilities to think more carefully before answering difficult questions, leading to significant improvements over just using their first impression.

Gemini exceeds state-of-the-art performance on a range of benchmarks including text and encoding.

The Gemini Ultra also achieves a state-of-the-art rating of 59.4 % on the new MMMU- the benchmark, which consists of multimodal tasks spanning different domains that require conscious reasoning.

On the image benchmarks we tested, the Gemini Ultra outperformed previous state-of-the-art models, unaided by optical character recognition (OCR) systems that extract text from images for further processing. These benchmarks highlight Gemini's native multimodality and indicate early signs of Gemini's more complex reasoning abilities.

See more information in spring technical report for Gemini .

Gemini exceeds state-of-the-art performance on a range of multimodal benchmarks.

Next generation features

Until now, the standard approach to creating multimodal models has involved training separate components for different modalities and then stitching them together to roughly mimic some of this functionality. These models can sometimes be good at performing certain tasks, such as describing images, but struggle with more conceptual and complex reasoning.

We designed Gemini to be natively multimodal, pre-trained from the start on different modalities. Then we fine-tuned it with additional multimodal data to further refine its effectiveness. This helps Gemini seamlessly understand and reason about all types of input from scratch, far better than existing multimodal models – and its capabilities are state-of-the-art in almost every domain.

Learn more about Gemini's capabilities and see how it works .

Sophisticated reasoning

Gemini 1.0's sophisticated multimodal reasoning capabilities can help you understand complex written and visual information. This makes it uniquely adept at uncovering knowledge that can be difficult to discern among large amounts of data.

Its remarkable ability to extract insights from hundreds of thousands of documents by reading, filtering and understanding information will help deliver new breakthroughs at digital speeds in many fields from science to finance.

Gemini unlocks new scientific insights

Understand text, images, sounds and more

Gemini 1.0 was trained to recognize and understand text, images, sounds and more at the same time, so it can better understand nuanced information and answer questions about complex topics. This makes it particularly good at explaining reasoning in complex subjects such as mathematics and physics.

Gemini explains reasoning in mathematics and physics

Advanced coding

Our first version of Gemini can understand, explain and generate high-quality code in the world's most popular programming languages, such as Python, Java, C++ and Go. Its ability to work across languages and reason around complex information makes it one of the leading basic coding models in the world.

Gemini Ultra excels in several coding benchmarks, including HumanEval , an important industry standard for evaluating the performance of coding tasks, and Natural2Code, our internal dataset, which uses author-generated sources instead of web-based information.

Gemini can also be used as an engine for more advanced coding systems. Two years ago we presented AlphaCode , the first AI code generation system to reach a competitive level of performance in programming competitions.

Using a specialized version of Gemini, we created a more advanced code generation system, AlphaCode 2 , which excels at solving competitive programming problems that go beyond coding to involve complex mathematics and theoretical computer science.

Gemini excels at coding and competitive programming

When evaluated on the same platform as the original AlphaCode, AlphaCode 2 shows massive improvements solving almost twice as many problems, and we estimate that it outperforms 85 % of the competitors – up from almost 50 % for AlphaCode. When programmers collaborate with AlphaCode 2 by defining certain properties for the code examples to follow, it performs even better.

We're excited that programmers are increasingly using highly capable AI models as collaborative tools that can help them reason about problems, suggest code designs, and help with implementation—so they can release apps and design better services, faster.

See more information in spring AlphaCode 2 Technical Report .

More reliable, scalable and efficient

We trained Gemini 1.0 at scale on our AI-optimized infrastructure using Google's own design Tensor Processing Units (TPU) v4 and v5e. And we designed it to be our most reliable and scalable model to train, and our most efficient to serve.

On TPUs, Gemini runs significantly faster than before, smaller and less capable models. These custom-designed AI accelerators have been at the core of Google's AI-powered products serving billions of users such as Search, YouTube, Gmail, Google Maps, Google Play and Android. They have also enabled companies around the world to cost-effectively train large-scale AI models.

Today we announce the most powerful, efficient and scalable TPU system to date, Cloud TPU v5p , designed to train cutting-edge AI models. This next-generation TPU will accelerate Gemini's development and help developers and enterprise customers train large-scale generative AI models faster, allowing new products and capabilities to reach customers faster.

Built with responsibility and safety at the center

At Google, we're committed to advancing bold and responsible AI in everything we do. Based on Google's AI principles and robust security policies in our products, we are adding new protections to account for Gemini's multimodal capabilities. At each stage of development, we consider potential risks and work to test and mitigate them.

Gemini has the most comprehensive safety evaluations of any Google AI model to date, including for bias and toxicity. We have implemented new research on potential risk areas such as cybercrime, persuasion and autonomy, and has applied Google Research's best-in-class adversarial testing techniques to help identify critical security issues prior to Gemini's deployment.

To identify blind spots in our internal evaluation methodology, we work with a diverse group of external experts and partners to stress test our models across a range of issues.

To diagnose content security issues during Gemini's training phases and ensure that its results adhere to our policies, we use benchmarks such as Real Toxicity Prompts , a set of 100,000 prompts of varying degrees of toxicity taken from the web, developed by experts at the Allen Institute for AI. More information about this work is coming soon.

To limit damage, we built dedicated security classifiers to identify, label and sort out content involving violence or negative stereotypes, for example. Combined with robust filters, this layered approach is designed to make Gemini safer and more inclusive for everyone. Additionally, we continue to address known challenges to models such as facts, grounding, attribution, and confirmation.

Responsibility and safety will always be central to the development and deployment of our models. This is a long-term commitment that requires collaboration, so we work with industry and the wider ecosystem to define best practices and set safety and security benchmarks through organizations like MLCommons , Frontier Model Forum and its AI Safety Fund , and ours Secure AI Framework (SAIF), which was designed to help mitigate security risks specific to AI systems in the public and private sectors. We will continue to work with scientists, governments and civil society groups around the world as we develop Gemini.

Making Gemini available to the world

Gemini 1.0 is now being rolled out across a range of products and platforms:

Gemini Pro in Google products

We bring Gemini to billions of people through Google products.

Starting today Bard will use a tweaked version of Gemini Pro for more advanced reasoning, planning, understanding and more. This is the biggest upgrade to Bard since its launch. It will be available in English in more than 170 countries and territories, and we plan to expand to different modalities and support new languages and locations in the near future.

We also take Gemini to Pixel . The Pixel 8 Pro is the first smartphone engineered to run Gemini Nano, which powers new features like Summarize in the Recorder app and is rolling out in Smart Reply in Gboard, starting with WhatsApp, Line and KakaoTalk 1 — with more messaging apps coming next year.

In the coming months, Gemini will be available in more of our products and services such as Search, Ads, Chrome and Duet AI.

We've already started experimenting with Gemini in Search, where it makes ours Search Generative Experience (SGE) faster for users, with a 40 % reduction in US English latency, along with improvements in quality.

Building with the Twins

Starting December 13, developers and enterprise customers can access Gemini Pro via the Gemini API i Google AI Studio or Google Cloud Vertex AI .

Google AI Studio is a free, web-based developer tool for quickly prototyping and launching apps with an API key. When it's time for a fully managed AI platform, Vertex AI allows customization of Gemini with full data control and leverages additional Google Cloud capabilities for enterprise safety, security, privacy, and data governance and compliance.

Android developers will also be able to build with Gemini Nano, our most efficient model for on-device tasks, via AICore, a new system feature available in Android 14, starting on Pixel 8 Pro devices. Sign up for one early preview of AICore .

Gemini Ultra is coming soon

For Gemini Ultra, we are currently completing extensive trust and security checks, including red-teaming by trusted external parties, and further refining the model using refinement and reinforcement learning from human feedback (RLHF) before making it publicly available.

As part of this process, we will make Gemini Ultra available to select customers, developers, partners, and security and liability experts for early experimentation and feedback before rolling out to developers and enterprise customers early next year.

Early next year we will also launch Bard Advanced , a new, cutting-edge AI experience that gives you access to our best models and capabilities, starting with Gemini Ultra.

The Gemini era: enabling a future of innovation

This is an important milestone in the evolution of AI and the start of a new era for us at Google as we continue to rapidly innovate and responsibly develop the capabilities of our models.

We've made great progress with Gemini so far, and we're working hard to further expand its capabilities for future versions, including advances in planning and memory, and increasing the context window to process even more information to provide better answers.

We are excited about the amazing possibilities of a world responsibly empowered by AI – a future of innovation that will increase creativity, expand knowledge, advance science and change the way billions of people live and work around the world.

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